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Exploring the Essence of Natural Wine: What is Natural Wine?

Hello, fellow wine enthusiasts! Today, we’re going to embark on a delightful journey into the intriguing world of natural wine. You might have heard the term tossed around at trendy wine bars or whispered in the hallowed halls of sommelier circles. But what exactly is natural wine? Is it just another fad in the ever-evolving world of viticulture, or is there something truly special about this elixir that’s got everyone talking?

The Basics of Natural Wine

What is Natural Wine?

Natural wine isn’t just a drink; it’s a philosophy in a bottle. At its heart, it’s about letting Mother Nature take the wheel in the winemaking process, with the winemaker acting more as a co-pilot than a control freak. Think of it as a wine that’s decided to let its hair down and dance to its own tune.

Minimal Intervention Philosophy: You see, natural wine is all about minimal intervention. Winemakers who produce this liquid art form choose to step back and let nature do her thing. No heavy-handed manipulation here! It’s like the winemaker’s mantra is, “Nature, I trust you!”

Organic and Biodynamic Farming: One of the cornerstones of natural wine is the use of organic and biodynamic farming practices. It’s all about nurturing the soil and the vines in harmony with the environment, instead of dousing them in chemicals. It’s like farming with a green thumb and a good heart.

Historical Perspective

Natural wine isn’t the new kid on the block. It’s more like the cool, laid-back cousin who’s been around for ages but decided to show up at the family reunion with a groovy new outfit.

Roots of Natural Winemaking: The roots of natural winemaking can be traced back to the pioneers of this movement, people who dared to defy convention. Legends like Jules Chauvet in Beaujolais, Marcel Lapierre, and Jean Foillard paved the way for what we know as natural wine today. They looked at conventional winemaking and said, “Nah, we can do better.”

Resurgence: After lying somewhat dormant, natural wine is back with a vengeance. In the past couple of decades, it has gained a legion of fans, from Brooklyn hipsters to seasoned wine connoisseurs. It’s like it went on a hiatus but returned with a new album that’s topping all the charts.

Key Characteristics of Natural Wine

Natural wine isn’t just a label slapped on any bottle; it has some distinct qualities that set it apart from the crowd.

Flavors, Textures, and Aromas: Drinking natural wine is like taking a sip of liquid terroir. It’s a raw, unfiltered expression of the vineyard and its surroundings. Expect flavors and aromas that are as diverse as the landscapes they hail from. You might even discover hints of funk, earthiness, and unpredictability – but in a good way.

Additive-Free: In the world of natural wine, you won’t find a laundry list of additives and chemicals. Sulfites, those little troublemakers that some folks blame for their wine headaches, are kept to a minimum. Natural wine wants you to enjoy the pure essence of fermented grape juice without all the extras.

Natural Winemaking Process

Now that we’ve got a taste of what natural wine is all about, let’s pull back the curtain and take a peek at how this liquid poetry comes to life.

Grape Selection

In the world of natural wine, it all starts with the grapes. It’s like casting for a blockbuster movie, but the stars are the grape varieties. Winemakers select grapes with the utmost care, focusing on the health of the vines and the quality of the fruit. These grapes are often grown organically or biodynamically, ensuring that they’re free from the chemical residues that can creep into conventional wines.

Terroir Connection: Natural winemakers are obsessed with terroir, that magical concept that links the taste of wine to the specific place it’s grown. The grapes used in natural wine are like little messengers, carrying the essence of the vineyard’s unique terroir straight to your glass.

Fermentation

This is where things get interesting, my friends. Natural wine fermentation is like a wild party, and the guests of honor are the wild yeasts. Instead of the cultured yeasts used in many conventional wineries, natural winemakers let the indigenous yeasts found on the grape skins and in the winery take the lead. It’s a bit like inviting your quirky, talented friend to DJ your party instead of hiring a professional.

Wild Yeasts: These yeasts can be unpredictable, but that’s part of the charm. They bring their own set of flavors and aromas to the party, resulting in wines that can be as diverse as a playlist with everything from classical to hip-hop.

Hands-off Approach: During fermentation, natural winemakers don’t interfere much. There’s no temperature control, no additives to spur things along – it’s more of a “let’s see where this goes” attitude. It’s a bit like making art; you let the canvas and the paintbrush do their thing without too much meddling.

Aging and Bottling

Once fermentation is complete, it’s time for the wine to take a breather and mature. Natural wines often find their home in oak barrels, clay amphorae, or sometimes even humble concrete tanks. But here’s the kicker: they do it with minimal fuss.

Minimal Sulfites: Sulfites, those pesky additives that are often used to preserve wine, are used sparingly in natural winemaking. This means that the wine’s journey from barrel to bottle is a bit riskier, like riding a rollercoaster without a seatbelt. But it’s all in the name of preserving the wine’s integrity and letting its true character shine through.

Bottling Unfiltered: Many natural wines are bottled without filtration. This means you might encounter a bit of sediment or cloudiness in your glass. Don’t worry; it’s not a flaw – it’s a feature! It’s like finding a bonus track on your favorite album; it adds depth and complexity.

Different Styles of Natural Wine

Now that we’ve uncovered the mysteries of the natural winemaking process, it’s time to explore the fascinating array of styles that natural wine has to offer. Buckle up; it’s going to be a delicious ride.

Orange Wine

No, we’re not talking about the fruit. Orange wine is like the cool, avant-garde cousin of white wine. It’s made from white grape varieties but fermented with the grape skins, which gives it a unique amber or orange hue. Sipping orange wine is like tasting history; it harks back to ancient winemaking methods.

Funky and Textured: Orange wines are known for their intriguing textures and flavors. You might encounter notes of dried fruits, nuts, and a touch of earthiness. It’s like a walk through a spice bazaar in a glass.

Regions to Explore: If you’re looking to dive into the world of orange wine, regions like Georgia (the country, not the state) and Friuli-Venezia Giulia in Italy are the places to start your journey.

Pet-Nat (Pétillant Naturel)

Do you fancy a bit of fizz in your wine? Pet-Nat is here to tickle your taste buds. This sparkling wine style is like the wild child of the natural wine world. It’s made by bottling the wine before fermentation is complete, allowing it to finish in the bottle. The result? A bubbly, fun-loving wine.

Unpredictable Bubbles: Pet-Nats can be a bit unpredictable. The bubbles might be fine and effervescent, or they might be big and boisterous. It’s like the wine is throwing its own surprise party.

Versatility: Pet-Nat is incredibly versatile when it comes to pairings. It can accompany anything from oysters to BBQ, making it the ultimate party guest.

Red, White, and Rosé Natural Wines

Natural wine doesn’t discriminate when it comes to grape colors. You can find red, white, and rosé natural wines, each with its own unique character.

Red Natural Wines: These are like the rebels of the bunch. They often exhibit bright fruit flavors, earthiness, and a touch of funk. Think of them as the rockstars of the natural wine world.

White Natural Wines: White natural wines can be as diverse as the grape varieties they’re made from. You might encounter crisp, refreshing options or more complex and textured ones. They’re like a symphony of flavors in every glass.

Rosé Natural Wines: Rosé lovers, rejoice! Natural rosés can be a delightful mix of bright fruitiness and herbal notes. It’s like sipping sunshine on a picnic blanket.

So, there you have it – the kaleidoscope of styles that natural wine has to offer. Whether you’re in the mood for the unexpected complexity of orange wine, the effervescence of Pet-Nat, or the classic charm of red, white, or rosé, there’s a natural wine out there waiting to be discovered. Come check out the Tarrawarra Yarra Valley Winery & Yarra Valley Restaurant.

Natural Wine vs. Conventional Wine

Ladies and gentlemen, it’s time for a wine showdown of epic proportions. In one corner, we have the reigning champion of the wine world – conventional wine. In the other, the spirited contender – natural wine. Let the battle of philosophies and flavors begin!

Contrasting Approaches

Conventional Wine: Picture a well-organized orchestra. In conventional winemaking, everything is carefully orchestrated. Winemakers often control every aspect of the process, from grape selection to fermentation. Additives like cultured yeast, enzymes, and fining agents are used to ensure consistency and predictability.

natural wine

Natural Wine: Now, imagine a jam session with a group of talented musicians, each playing their own tune. Natural winemaking is more like a freestyle rap battle; it’s spontaneous and unpredictable. Winemakers take a hands-off approach, letting the grapes and indigenous yeasts do their thing. Additives are kept to a minimum, allowing the wine to express its terroir and unique character.

Flavor and Aroma Differences

Conventional Wine: Think of conventional wine as a well-edited blockbuster movie. It’s polished, refined, and follows a script. The flavors and aromas are often fruit-forward, with oak aging adding layers of vanilla and spice. It’s like enjoying a familiar, beloved tune.

Natural Wine: Natural wine, on the other hand, is like an indie film with raw, unfiltered emotions. The flavors and aromas can be surprising and diverse, ranging from funky to floral. It’s a sensory adventure where each sip might unveil a new note or nuance. Terroir plays a starring role, allowing you to taste the very essence of the vineyard.

Terroir Embrace

Conventional Wine: Conventional winemaking often involves manipulating the wine to fit a certain flavor profile. While this can produce consistent and crowd-pleasing wines, it can sometimes overshadow the unique characteristics of the vineyard.

Natural Wine: Natural winemakers are all about showcasing terroir. They believe that the land, climate, and soil should shine through in the wine. It’s like letting the landscape write its own story in every bottle. Natural wine invites you to explore the vineyard through your senses.

So, who wins this battle? It’s not about one being better than the other; it’s about personal preference. Conventional wine offers familiarity and consistency, while natural wine invites you to embrace the unpredictability and diversity of the wine world. It’s like choosing between a well-loved classic and an avant-garde masterpiece.

Sustainability and Environmental Impact

In a world where sustainability and environmental consciousness are becoming increasingly important, it’s essential to take a closer look at how our wine choices impact the planet. Let’s uncork the environmental benefits and challenges associated with natural wine.

Environmental Benefits

Reduced Chemical Use: Natural winemaking relies on organic and biodynamic farming practices, which minimize the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. This reduction in chemical use benefits not only the grapes but also the surrounding ecosystems.

Preservation of Biodiversity: Natural vineyards often resemble mini wildlife sanctuaries. The absence of harmful chemicals and the emphasis on biodiversity create a thriving habitat for various plants and animals. It’s like the vineyard has its own ecological party.

Lower Carbon Footprint: Natural winemaking tends to have a lower carbon footprint. With fewer additives, less equipment-intensive processes, and a focus on local production, the overall environmental impact is gentler. It’s like choosing a fuel-efficient hybrid car over a gas-guzzling SUV.

Challenges and Criticisms

Inconsistency: Natural wine’s unpredictability can be a double-edged sword. While some embrace the surprises, others may find it challenging to find a consistently enjoyable bottle. It’s like listening to a live jazz performance; each note is unique, but it might not always hit the right chord.

Limited Shelf Life: Due to the minimal use of sulfites and additives, some natural wines have a shorter shelf life compared to their conventional counterparts. It’s like opting for farm-fresh produce that might not last as long as grocery store items.

Debates in the Wine World: The rise of natural wine has sparked debates within the wine industry. Some critics argue that the lack of regulations and standardized definitions can lead to misleading labeling. It’s like a heated discussion at a wine-tasting event – passionate and sometimes polarizing.

In the end, the environmental benefits and challenges of natural wine reflect the broader conversation about sustainability in the food and beverage industry. It’s a reminder that every sip we take can have an impact on the world around us. As consumers, we have the power to choose wines that align with our values and contribute to a greener, more eco-conscious future. Learn more about your Alcohol limits here: Alcohol Health.

FAQs

  • Is natural wine the same as organic wine?

    No, they're not the same, but they share similarities. Organic wine is made from grapes that are grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers. Natural wine takes it a step further by emphasizing minimal intervention in the winemaking process, including the use of native yeasts and minimal additives.

  • Are sulfites completely absent in natural wine?

    Not necessarily. While natural wines typically have lower sulfite levels than conventional wines, some sulfites may still be present. However, they are used sparingly, and many natural winemakers aim to minimize their use as much as possible.

  • Can natural wine age well like conventional wine?

    Natural wine can indeed age well, but it often follows a different aging curve compared to conventional wines. Some natural wines may peak earlier, while others might evolve beautifully over time. It's a matter of personal preference and the specific wine in question.

  • What are some renowned natural wine-producing regions?

    Natural wine has gained popularity in various wine regions worldwide. Some renowned areas include the Loire Valley in France, Beaujolais, the Jura region, California's Central Coast, and parts of Italy, such as Sicily and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

  • Where can I purchase natural wine?

    You can find natural wine at specialized wine shops, boutique wineries, and some restaurants with a focus on natural and organic wines. Additionally, many online retailers offer a wide selection of natural wines, making it accessible to enthusiasts worldwide.

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SARAH FAGAN

WINEMAKER

We are thrilled to announce that the incredibly talented Yarra Valley winemaker Sarah Fagan will commence as the Tarrawarra Estate Winemaker on Monday 11th September.

Sarah brings twenty years of winemaking experience and a love for our beautiful region from a long and loyal tenure at De Bortoli Yarra Valley, where she joined as a casual vintage worker in 2003 and progressed through the ranks to her most recent role as Senior Winemaker.

“I have thoroughly enjoyed my journey at De Bortoli and I am proud of the wines we have made over my time of working with their vineyards. TarraWarra Estate has always carved its own independent path here in the Yarra Valley and I look forward to continuing this tradition and embracing change and the development of TarraWarra Estate into the future”, says Sarah.

Tarrawarra Estate, was founded by Eva and Marc Besen in 1983 and the family philosophy has always been rooted in respect for excellence, provenance, and sustainability, with the vision to ‘produce wines of great quality and integrity, amidst a location of beauty and welcome.’

Sarah will be responsible for all aspects of Tarrawarra Estate winemaking and winery operations. As an experienced wine judge, with a refined palate and particular appreciation for cool-climate winemaking from regions all over the world, she is perfectly placed to deliver on the philosophy and drive Tarrawarra Estate’s wines to a new level of success and recognition.

Samantha Isherwood, General Manager, says:
“We are absolutely delighted that Sarah has chosen the Tarrawarra Estate role as the opportunity to spread her wings, we welcome her to the production team and look forward to seeing her personal stamp on future Tarrawarra Estate vintages.”